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Manufacturing Glossary

Term Definition
AWS American Welding Society; nonprofit organization that sets the code and certification for welding procedures
CNC Computer Numerical Controlled
CNC Machining An automated form of machining that results in increased productivity and flexibility
CNC Milling Tools used to machine solid materials in either a vertical or horizontal form
CNC Turning A single point cutting tool used parallel to the rotating surface to shape a metal die
Contract Electronic Assembly Purchasing electronic assembly services from a third party for use in own products or services, or using a third party to input electrical connections into a mechanical assembly for own purposes
Contract Machining Purchasing machining services from a third party for use in association with own assembly, product, or service
Die Casting Forcing molten metal under high pressures into reusable molds which can then be formed into a variety of shapes
Electro-mechanical Assembly Adding electrical connections to a mechanical assembly
Ferrous Materials Metals or alloys containing iron: e.g. stainless steel, carbon steel, pig iron
Forging Machining Placing a plate of metal between two parts of a mold and forcing into position
GMAW Gas Metal Arc Weld; also known as MIG (Metal Inert Gas) Welding
GTAW Gas Tungsten Arc Welding; also known as TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) Welding
Heat Treating Using extreme temperatures to heat or cool a metal; this makes the metal harder or softer which alters the physical/chemical properties of the metal
Heatsink Using thermal contact to absorb or dissipate heat from an object
Heliarc Welding Another word for GTAW or TIG Welding
Impact Extrusion Process in which a slug is placed in a die cavity, pressed at high velocity with extreme force by a punch, creating a metal mold
ISO International Organization for Standardization, sets the international industrial and commercial standards for all forms of manufacturing and services
Machining Vises manufactured as either hydraulic or manual, zero-point clamping, numerous models are available for general purposes, high density, or specialty reasons
MIG Welding Automatic arc welding process where a wire electrode and shielding gas are fed through a welding gun, also known as Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)
NADCAP (Nadcap) National Aerospace and Defense Contractors Accreditation Program; sets the manufacturing standards for the aerospace and defense industries
NDT Nondestructive Testing; testing the property of a metal without causing any damage, a cost-effective evaluation
Non-ferrous Materials Metals or alloys that do not contain iron: e.g. aluminum, copper, titanium
PMA Parts Manufacturer Approval; granted by the United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), giving permission to a manufacturer to produce aircraft parts
Precision Machining
(CNC Precision Machining)
Precision CNC machining is a loosely used term to describe CNC machining to very close tolerances.
Prototype Machining Manufacturing one component or a few parts to ensure accuracy of the design and dimensions
Robotic Welding The use of robots in the welding process to complete the entire weld
Screw Machining Either CNC or mechanically automated, used in high volume manufacturing, creates small, turned parts
Short Run A low cost, time limited form for production
TIG Welding most commonly used for stainless steel and non-ferrous metals, arc welding process that uses a tungsten electrode to produce the weld, also known as Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW)

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